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Focus & Breathing

Sport Psychology Series Articles: Affirmations ] Anti-Anxiety Training ] Arousal ] Breaking Bad Habits ] Confidence ] Cycling Psychology Profile Quiz ] Dealing With Bad Results ] Exercise-Related Personality Changes ] [ Focus & Breathing ] Goal Setting ] Motivation ] Pain Management in Training ] Sports Psychology Intro ] Stress Questionnaire ]

Order Focus Breathing eArticle. $1.95.

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This eArticle is in PDF format. It will be sent to you via e-mail.

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To see a typical article, check out the short Road Rash article.

The fourteen sports-psychology-series articles are all incorporated into the eBook Psychling Psychology.

Most of this hand out is also incorporated into the ebook Altitude, Climbing, Endurance.


Focus & Breathing (Introduction)

Focus has direction, intensity, and width.

Athletes can learn to narrow, intensify, and internalize their focus and thereby improve their performance.

Learning focused, coordinated breathing is one of the best tools to achieve this gain.


Focus, or attention, may be external or internal; narrow or wide; associated or dissociated.

External focus is attention directed outside the body. Internal focus is attention directed inward.

Narrow focus is restricted; wide focus, like peripheral vision, takes in a large field of view.

The harder the effort, the more important it is to be able to keep a narrow, internal focus.

Beginners frequently dissociate—separate what they are thinking about from what they are doing. For example, beginners may think about favorite restaurants while racing.

Elite athletes associate. They invariably try to keep from dissociating.

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